Michelle alexander is the author of the bestseller the new jim crow, and a civil-rights advocate, lawyer, legal scholar and professor she spoke with frontline about how the war on drugs spawned a. This paper is going to provide an understanding about how and why african american males are incarcerated at higher rates than any other rac fair use policy topics with titles service literature review service 2005) in custody incarceration rate for black males was 4,618 per 100,000 hispanic males were incarcerated at a rate of. In oklahoma, the state with the highest overall black incarceration rate, 1 in 15 black males ages 18 and older is in prison states exhibit substantial variation in the range of racial disparity, from a black/white ratio of 122:1 in new jersey to 24:1 in hawaii. 2 the statistics are bleak1 nationally, graduation rates for black teens teeter just under 50 percent and in many large, urban school districts, more than half of black males drop out of school. Men in prison is actually lower than among african american men outside of prison and, further, that the black-white mortality difference essentially disappears within prison.
While this topic generates considerable research interest in the respective countries, there has been no comparative analysis of the systems specific to black male disproportionality in incarceration. Mass incarceration incarceration rates in the united states have grown drastically and are rapidly increasing about 5% of the population will, on average, serve a sentence of about 60 months or more in prison this rise in incarceration rates has disproportionally affected women from 1988 to 2008, the imprisonment rate for women has increased by 600%, while for men it has increased by 300%. Statistics about - crime and victims, drugs and crime, criminal offenders, the justice system in the united states, law enforcement, prosecution, courts and sentencing, corrections, justice expenditure and employment.
Remarkably, black women who are 25 to 54 and not in jail outnumber black men in that category by 15 million, according to an upshot analysis for every 100 black women in this age group living. Chains on black flesh, or the very sight of chains, would be so because the fathers of their children are in prison african american men are contracting hiv/aids in prison and dying there, or, upon release, they are african american males and the incarceration problem—— 237 09-hattery-45198qxd 3/20/2007 2:40 pm page 237. How mass incarceration pushes black children further behind in school and among the swelling number of incarcerated men and women is a vast number of parents the analysis also finds that. Incarceration, marriage, and family life bruce western1 department of sociology princeton university september, 2004 1this research was supported by grants from the russell sage foundation and the national science foundation.
Black men are imprisoned at six times the rate of white men in 2003, the bureau of justice statistics estimated that black men have a 1 in 3 chance of going to federal or state prison in their. To give a more appropriate contrast than just black men in college and black men incarcerated, lets look at the debated education vs incarceration reality for white women and black men comparatively. Incarceration of african american males essay 1691 words | 7 pages introduction the trend of african american males between the ages of 25 and 29 has seen a dramatic increase of incarceration.
According to the us bureau of justice statistics (bjs) in 2013 black males accounted for 37% of the total male prison population, white males 32%, and hispanic males 22% white females comprised 49% of the prison population in comparison to black females who accounted for 22% of the female population. The new jim crow: mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness is a book by michelle alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar the book discusses race-related issues specific to african-american males and mass incarceration in the united states, but alexander notes that the discrimination faced by african-american males is prevalent among other minorities and socio-economically. How black male upperclassmen and recent college graduates experience the process of academic resilience and attainment within the context of their intersecting identities of race, class, and gender at a hispanic serving institution (hsi.
In the 2010 census, wisconsin had the highest percentage of incarcerated black men in the nation one out of every eight black men of working age is behind bars. Black men were more than six times as likely as white men to be incarcerated in federal and state prisons, and local jails in 2010, the last year complete data are available, according to a pew research center analysis that is an increase from 1960, when black men were five times as likely as whites to be incarcerated. Using summary file 1 data from the 2010 census, we calculated for each state 1) the incarcerated and non-incarcerated portions of the people in that state of a given race or ethnicity and 2) an incarceration rate for each single-race category, and for hispanic populations. Black people only represent 133 percent of the us population while white people make up about 77 percent but there are more black men in state prisons across the nation than there are white.